Getting rid of Unwanted things in LR ands PS

Don’t forget to zoom in as necessary before cloning, but check full view for effect on overall texture and colours

Lightroom

  • Zoom in by clicking on picture before opening tool
  • Move zoomed area by dragging the box on the Navigator panel top left
  • Good for small spots e.g. sensor dust spots, not good for larger areas of cloning
  • In Develop module, select the Spot Removal Tool
  • Choose Clone(or Heal: you can easily swap between the two)
  • Change spot size using [ or ]
  • Click on spot and see results
  • Try moving source area
  • Try checking Visualise Spots
  • If not happy, undo using: 
  1. Edit - Undo
  2. Control Z (Windows) Command Z (Mac OS) and repeat as necessary
  • Swap to Heal, and or change size/ feather/ opacity and repeat as necessary

Photoshop

Like everything in PS, there are numerous options within each tool, which it would be impossible to cover in one session, and most of which I don’t use.

Often best to do smaller areas at a time, so that you don’t have to lose the whole area if you go over an unwanted object

Firstly, work on a new layer to ensure all editing is non-destructive
Some tools may not work on a transparent layer, ensure Sample All Layers is checked

New transparent layer:

  1. Layer – New – Layer
  2. Shift Ctrl (Command ⌘) N
  3. Click on +

NB Ensure that Sample All Layers is checked

Duplicate layer:

  1. Layer – Duplicate Layer – OK
  2. Ctrl J(Windows) Command J (Mac OS) 
  3. Drag background layer to +

or create a new merged layer from previous layers if other edits have been made:

Stamp Visible Layers:

  • Press Shift Ctrl Alt E (Windows) or Shift Command Option E (Mac OS) 

Whichever method is used, it is a good idea to name your new layer e.g. Clone Lamp Post, by double clicking on Layer 1

Zoom in by selecting the Zoom Tool (Z: Magnifying Glass)

  • Click to + Increase zoom, Alt Click to – Decrease zoom
  • Window – Navigator to get the Navigator panel on the right, move zoomed area by dragging the box on the Navigator panel
  • Using a scrolling mouse wheel: Alt/Opt and scroll

The Healing/Patch Tools use the shortcut J

J Spot Healing Tool (Plaster with dotted circle)

  • Create new layer
  • Choose brush size (to change size use [ and ])and hardness: generally more feathered works better
  • Works well at times, not others
  • Click and wait. No need to select sampling area, but therefore less accurate at times
  • Can be useful to get rid of repeating patterns after cloning
  • Most predictable in areas of consistent texture e.g. studio background or sky
  • Have a look at the options: Content-Aware/ Create Texture/ Proximity Match, and blending modes...

J Healing Brush Tool (Plaster)

  • Create new layer
  • Works well at times, not others…
  • Can be more accurate that Spot Healing Tool
  • Window – Clone Source opens a dialogue box
  • Ensure that Show Overlay is checked in this box, this will then show you where you are copying from, so you can avoid going over other things
  • Hold Alt and left click to select source area
  • Click and drag to clone in from source area
  • See Clone Stamp Tool for more variations possible

J Patch Tool (Sewn Patch)

  • Create new layer
  • Can work well for larger diffuse areas 
  • Needs a good sized area to copy from
  • Use the arrow, click and drag to draw a shape around the thing to be removed
  • Click on the selection and drag to source area
  • Try Normal or Content-Aware

In Content-Aware, for Structure enter a value between 1 and 7 to specify how closely the patch should reflect existing image patterns
For Colour enter a value between 0 (none) and 10 (maximum) to specify the extent to which you want PS to apply algorithmic color-blending to the patch 

Content-Aware Fill

  • Create new layer
  • Make a selection using lasso tool to draw round area to be replaced, ensure shape is complete
  • Edit – Content-Aware Fill
  • If greyed out, have you made a selection first?

S Clone Stamp Tool (Hand Stamp, looks like Head and Shoulders)

  • Create new layer
  • Window – Clone Source opens a dialogue box
  • Ensure that Show Overlay is checked in this box, this will then show you where you are copying from, so you can avoid going over other things
  • Hold Alt and left click to select source area, care around other objects and edges of photograph, try to match tones
  • Click and drag to clone in from source area
  • To aid matching lines and patterns, go back to the Clone Source dialogue box to change the angle of the cloning in, flip it horizontally or vertically. 
  • Trial and error as with everything.
  • Beware of creating repeating patterns with cloning from a small source area, try using Spot Healing tool afterwards to smooth these out, or just keep cloning other bits in.

To aid getting a better edge to your subject, make a large selection using the polygonal lasso tool (L) or other selection tool depending on the contrast, estimating first how many pixels you want to feather the selection by depending on how blurry or sharp the edge of your subject is. Ensure the selection is accurate along the edge required.

Invert the selection (Shift – Ctrl/Command – I N.B. this is a capital I)

Clone, checking feather afterwards, undo and reselect with a different feather if required.

Deselect (Ctrl/Command - D

Member Comments

Submitted by Janet Brown on Fri, 17/01/2020 14:42